Roles & responsibilities of front end developers, backend developers, and full stack developers

front end developer, backend developer, full stack developer

When it comes to developing software products and applications, business owners interact with front end developers, backend developers, and full stack developers. How are they different from one another, what are their roles and responsibilities, and what are they expected to know? 3dotDigital, one of the leading cross-sector technology companies assisting businesses in Australia, New Zealand, and Pacific Islands with staff augmentation services, has tried to answer these very questions in this article. 

Who are front end developers?

As the name suggests, a front end developer is someone who deals with creating the front end interfaces of the software or application, which is generally called as user interface (UI) or user experience (UX). These interfaces could be the graphical user interface (GUI) for web pages and mobile apps or interfaces for desktop applications. 

What should a front end developer know?

It is very important for the front-end developers to know what the user wants to see as and when the web page or application is accessed, in terms of aesthetics and how the aesthetics are applied to the functionality. The interfaces are then sent to the programmers who generate the UI/UX elements via HTML, jQuery, CSS, and other technologies. 

Front end developers are expected to have adequate experience in developing fluid UI and UX elements in either Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, Adobe XD, Corel Draw, Sketch, Figma, and other popular and image editing platforms used for UI/UX design. They should also have a basic knowledge of how web technologies work. 

Who are backend developers?

The backend developers are those who deal with everything that’s at the backend of the front end or the user interface. They are the ones who work on the functionality of the application like taking the input from the user as a query, looking for its answer in the database, and then pushing the same across the user’s screen.

What should a backend developer know?

The backend developer is expected to have the knowledge of programming languages that render on the server-side of any website or application like C, C++, C#, Java, Python, Ruby, PHP, ASP.NET, etc., and open-source developer platforms like Node.js and .NET used for making the applications. Generally, a good backend developer is able to master any one of the aforementioned programming languages and has the familiarity to write the code in the second or third programming language.

To be able to make their code fetch the data queried for by the user from the database, the backend developers need to be proficient in relational database management systems like Oracle, MySQL, and SQL Server as well. They need to ensure that the data is stored safely and if the website or the application faces a sudden rush in traffic, the website or the application will be able to not just handle it but scale securely without crashing. They are also responsible for adding new features as well as performing the QA testing.

Who are full stack developers?

A software expert who understands the front end and backend development is called a full stack developer. The tech team typically needs a full stack developer for the minimum viable product (MVP) stage while building a website or an app.

What a full stack developer should know?

A full stack developer should be able to work with media queries and single-page applications, should have a thorough understanding of web frameworks like Django or Node.js, should have adequate experience in open-source relational database management systems like MySQL and cross-platform document-oriented database programs like Mongo DB, besides having an understanding of hybrid mobile app development.  

Full stack developers have a 360-degree perspective and therefore are able to add customer-centric features to the product. Their ability to handle front end and backend development comes handy in many ways especially when businesses are working on a tight budget. Since the full stack developer is well versed in every aspect of the project, they are in the best position to do troubleshooting should there be a need for it. 

Hiring developers through a staff augmentation service provider like 3Dot Digital allows you to avail benefits like closer integration and control and flexibility to ramp up or down. 

Unleash the possibilities that augmenting your staff can bring for your core team, and service delivery. Speak to one of our team if you wish to hire software talent with deep expertise across coding languages and frameworks.

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